Surely you have already noticed a few times that your urine does not have the same color every day. In addition, there are still daily fluctuations, because usually our urine is darker in the morning and smells more intense. Presumably, you also know from medical appointments that you have to come "sober" (without previous intake of food or fluids) and bring your morning urine or hand it in on the spot. From the amount and nature of the urine can already read many possible diseases. What's up with the different colors of your urine? When can you be reassured about color, smell and quantity, and when should you be alert (or see a doctor for safety)?

Fundamentals of kidney function

The normally paired kidneys are designed to cleanse your blood of toxins. A demanding job, considering that nearly 2,000 liters of blood is passed through the kidneys and filtered through the body of an adult every day (day after day, year after year). Thus one can imagine the importance and efficiency of the approximately fist-sized organs. But the kidneys not only filter the blood of pollutants and foreign substances, but also regulate the electrolyte balance, blood pressure and are important for hormone production. The urine formed in the kidney tissue drips into the renal pelvis, which opens into the ureter. From each kidney, a ureter leads to the bladder. Is this filled (capacity about one liter), you feel the urgent need to find a quiet place ...

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Urine - amount

You can see the result of the extensive cleaning of our kidneys during daily urination. A healthy adult excretes up to two liters of water per day via the bladder. The amount is also dependent on the daily water intake. Exercise, sweaty work, climatic conditions or certain illnesses (eg diabetes, fever, diarrhea) can influence the amount of excretions.

Urine - smell

One does not think much about the smell of one's own urine. If you have taken a lot of fluids and the urine is therefore little concentrated, you hardly perceive its smell. The opposite is true, of course, if you have not drunk enough or morning water. The urine is more concentrated or smells more severe. Even with a changed diet (eg no or few carbohydrates), the odor may be slightly different. Often, however, you know the reason for it yourself. If the urine smells noticeably different, illness could be behind it. Here you should not hesitate too long and for safety, see a doctor as soon as possible. In addition, if in addition other complaints (burning while urinating, pain) adjust. With kidney and urinary tract disorders is not to joke - rather once more often see the doctor, as once too little.

Urine - color

Our urine is about 95% water. The remaining 5% consist of decomposers, z. For example, salts, proteins, uric acid, ureas, water-soluble vitamins and other ingredients. For the discoloration of urine, these degradation substances (urochromes) are responsible. If your urine is clear and pale yellow to honey-colored, everything is fine.

Which distinct color changes should you pay attention to?

Very light, low-dye urine: You probably drank a lot and your urine is very diluted. But if you notice physical problems, it can also be a kidney infection. Use common sense and seek medical advice if in doubt. Reddish discoloration: These may be admixtures of blood that should not be ignored. It may be discoloration due to the consumption of certain foods. Of course you can judge this yourself and thus rule out. Blood in urine may indicate relatively benign cystitis or severe kidney and bladder disease. A medical examination is essential in the latter case. Brownish discoloration: Brownish colored urine may be caused by liver disease. It may get its discoloration from blood enemas or be caused by bile pigments in jaundice. Again, you are well advised to see a doctor to play it safe. Deep dark to black discoloration: Here you should not take any more time for speculation. This type of discoloration is usually serious illnesses that need to be clarified immediately. slowdown: If you notice the cloudiness of your urine, you do not have to worry about it right away. This can be a completely normal and temporary phenomenon consisting of phosphorous salts or mucilage. However, they can also be the result of severe cystitis with pus formation. As always, if you are insecure or have additional complaints, please have this clarified urologically or general medical. Drink your kidneys and your ability to love about two liters of fluid every day. Of course, if the circumstances require it (heat, hard training), it should be more appropriately to avoid dehydration with unpleasant consequences. But you should not exaggerate and drown your body in liquid. Again, this is not healthy (hyponatraemia) and can have dangerous consequences. The color of your urine can give you a first indication of whether your drinking is appropriate.

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